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Traumatic Brain Injuries

What is a traumatic brain injury?

  • Traumatic brain injury (TBI for short) is sudden damage to the brain caused by a blow or jolt to the head or body. 1
  • A TBI can happen in a car accident.
  • The term TBI encompasses a wide range of injuries, from a mild concussion to the brain being so damaged that it causes death 2
  • Damage to the brain can be "focal" (confined to one area of the brain) or "diffuse" (occurs in more than one area of the brain).  3

What causes a brain injury?

Brain injuries occur when a sudden trauma damages the brain. 4  

During an impact to the head, the soft brain crashes back and forth against the inside of the hard skull, causing the brain to bruise, bleed, and shear. 5  

Here, "shear" means to stretch and tear the tiny nerve cells that comprise the brain. 6 

The most common injuries are from motor vehicle accidents (where the person is either riding in the car or is struck as a pedestrian). 7 

Particularly devastating brain injuries can result from bicycle accidents, motorcycle accidents, pedestrian accidents, and  tractor-trailer accidents 

What are the types of TBI?

Blunt or penetrating

What is a "closed" brain injury?

Closed brain injuries happen when there is a non-piercing, blunt, injury to the brain, but no penetration of the skull. 8

This is caused by a rapid forward or backward movement and shaking of the brain inside the skull.

The movement and shaking bruises and tears brain tissue and blood vessels.  9

What is a "penetrating" (open head) brain injury?

Penetrating brain injuries happen when something pierces the skull and enters the brain tissue. 10

What is a primary brain injury?

A primary brain injury is a sudden injury to the brain that's essentially complete at the time of impact, like the moment of a car accident. 11

What is a secondary brain injury?

Secondary brain injuries are the changes to the brain that happen over the hours and days after the accident. These changes further destroy brain tissue. 12 

Can you get fever from a physical trauma like a brain injury?

Did you know that a fever after a car accident can be a sign of serious injuries? 

Within hours or days after an accident, you may develop a fever. Fever usually means that your body is fighting off some type of infection.

But, after an accident, a fever can be an important and overlooked sign of brain injury, blood clots and even fractured bones. 13

The fever that patients develop after a head injury is called “neurogenic fever” (NF for short).

Until recently, NF was thought to be a relatively rare consequence of traumatic brain injury (TBI). But other studies have reported that 4% to 37% of TBI survivors experience neurogenic fever. Left untreated, NF can cause brain damage. 14

Fever and brain injuries

A study found that early fever after a traumatic brain injury (TBI) was a sign of a worse outcome than those who had no fever after a TBI. 15 

The study found a significant association between the presence of early fever and longer hospital stays and even death.

What this means is if a person who suffered a traumatic brain injury develops a fever, their chance of having two things happen increases: longer hospital stays and death.

Longer hospital stay: The first thing is a longer hospital stay. Brain injury patients who developed fever ended up being hospitalized for a median of 3 to 7 days. A median is the middle number in a list of numbers. Brain injury patients who never developed a fever were hospitalized for 2 to 3 days.

Death: Patients who developed a fever after a traumatic brain injury were more likely to die than patients who did not develop a fever.

What are the results of brain injury?

Some brain injuries are mild, like a mild concussion whose symptoms disappear over time.

Other brain injuries are more severe and may result in paralysis, permanent disability and even death.

Did you know that a head trauma can be an early predictor of whether you will develop sepsis?

The long-term or permanent results of brain injury may require post-injury and possibly lifelong rehabilitation. 16

Do I need an attorney for my brain injury TBI case?

Talk to an attorney before you do anything besides: call 911 and seek medical care.

My name is Renée Yvonne Gardner. I am the attorney at Gardner Law. I speak Spanish - hablo español.

I am a San José brain injury TBI accident attorney. I have experience with personal injury and wrongful death accidents

If you suffered a brain injury (TBI) in an accident, please contact me for a free consultation at (408) 214-5555 or fill out the below form.

If your loved one passed away due to a brain injury, please call me about your wrongful death case. 

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I am based in Santa Clara County but I represent injured people in these 12 California Counties:

 Alameda County ○ Contra Costa County ○ Fresno County ○ Marin County ○ Merced County ○ Monterey County ○ San Benito County ○ San Francisco County ○ San Joaquin County ○ San Mateo County ○ Santa Clara County ○ Santa Cruz County

None of the information on this website of Attorney Renée Yvonne Gardner is offered as medical advice.

If you have been injured in any type of accident, please seek immediate medical attention and follow the advice of your doctor. 

CONTACT GARDNER LAW TODAY

I am committed to providing personalized legal representation in serious personal Injury, wrongful death, death benefits, criminal defense, and post-conviction relief cases. Please call (408) 214-5555 today or fill out our contact form.

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