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Dog Bites - What Are The 6 Levels?

Dog Bite Attorney Renée Yvonne Gardner (408) 214-5555

The 6 Levels Of Dog Bites

What's The Dog Bite Scale?

Seasoned veterinarian, animal behaviorist and writer Dr. Ian Dunbar created a six-level scale of dog bites1

The “Official Authorized Version” of Dr. Ian Dunbar's Dog Bite Scale assesses the severity of biting problems based on an objective evaluation of wound pathology 2 

Level 1. 

No Skin Contact

Obnoxious or aggressive behavior but no skin-contact by teeth.

Level 2. 

Skin-Contact By Teeth But No Skin-Puncture

Skin-contact by teeth but no skin-puncture. However, may be skin nicks (less than one tenth of an inch deep) and slight bleeding caused by forward or lateral movement of teeth against skin, but no vertical punctures.

Level 3.

Up To 4 Punctures From A Single Bite

One to four punctures from a single bite with no puncture deeper than half the length of the dog's canine teeth. Maybe lacerations in a single direction, caused by victim pulling hand away, owner pulling dog away, or gravity (little dog jumps, bites and drops to floor).

Level 4.

Up To 4 Punctures From A Single Bite; May Have Deep Bruising

One to four punctures from a single bite with at least one puncture deeper than half the length of the dog's canine teeth. May also have deep bruising around the wound (dog held on for “X” seconds and bore down) or lacerations in both directions (dog held on and shook its head from side to side).

Level 5. 

Multiple-Bite Incident

Multiple-bite incident with at least two Level 4 bites or multiple-attack incident with at least one Level 4 bite in each.

Level 6.


Victim Passes Away From The Dog Bite - This Is Called A Wrongful Death Dog Bite Case

A Dog Bit Me, Should I Make A Case Without An Attorney?

You can make a claim for your dog bite case, but it's best to hire an attorney right away to fight your case for you.

If you or your loved one was bitten by a dog, you need a good attorney. If you hire me, I will work on your behalf and fight for maximum payment on your dog bite case.

Protect your rights by talking to an attorney before you do anything besides: call 911 and seek medical care.

My name is Renée Yvonne Gardner the attorney at Gardner Law. I speak Spanish - hablo español.

I am a dog bite attorney personal injury and wrongful death accident experience.

If were injured by a dog bite, contact me at (408) 214-5555 or fill out the contact form for a free consultation.

If your loved one passed away after a dog bite, please call me about your wrongful death case. 

 Source: The Association of Professional Dog Trainers. “Dr. Ian Dunbar's Dog Bite Scale (Official Authorized Version)”.

None of the information on this website of Attorney Renée Yvonne Gardner is offered as medical advice. If you have been injured in any type of accident, please seek immediate medical attention and follow the advice of your doctor. 

Call Renée Today

I deliver personalized representation in serious personal Injury, wrongful death, death benefits, criminal defense, and post-conviction relief ("cleaning") cases. Please call (408) 214-5555 or fill out my contact form.